♪ >> yemen's government is sworn in, but the crisis is far from over because of deep divisions. >> from al jazeera's headquarters, i am darren jordan. remembering those who died, trying to cross from east to west. germany marks 25 years of the fall of the berlin wall. plus, catalans defy and vote on a referendum. and anger mounts in mexico after the government's response to a disappearance of 43 student teachers.
>> he is confident he is walking to address the nation with a message of home. he faces a string of problems including sectarian tension, violence and stability. >> international issues. we will deal with it according to our capacity, according to the region's capacity. it's not an easy thing we could start in yemen but with the support of all of the yemeni people, the support of our brothers, neighborhood, with the
support from our friends all over the world, we will take he will those challenges. >> this is the swearing in ceremony for the newly formed government. ministers loyal to the former president showed up and backed the current president. the leader had warned against such moves. this is general mahmoud, the new defense minister who faces the delicate task of reforming an army and getting the support from military commanders. his clear, general roushan is the intelligence chief and interior minister. his task is to deploy security forces in a capitol controlled by shia houthi fighters. the prime minister says he is open to talks with the houthis. >> they are yemeni. we try to include them.
we have met with the houthi fighters. a politicalfication. we try to include them. >> this is a government made up of professionals. >> i think anyone who is not concerned would be abnormal. i had a frank discussion with the prime minister on this and on the portfolio in specific and what the priorities are for this period and what we can achieve and i think we do hope that there is a clear vision on what needs to be done. >> the government has the backing of the international community, of political support, it is not enough in a countritry where almost half of the population is at war. the chances that this government and yemen's political crisis are slim, the president and the prime minister have little over
police and the capitol remains largely under the control of the houthi fighters. a situation that is likely to deepen yemen's political divide. al jazeera, sanaa. >> it's 25 years to the day since germans started tearing down the hated symbol of the wall. >> divided the east from capitalist west germany. thousands died trying to cross the border. events are underway to mark the university. this is the scene live now from berlin. >> nick spicer has more. ♪ >> german chancellor angela merkel started the day by remembering the people killed by trying to esc ate to west german. she grew up in east germany. like almost everyone could never have thought the berlin wall would come down. the former soviet leader credited with helping pave the way for its fall casts a pall
warning of new east/west tensions, notably over ukraine. >> the middle east against the backdrop of a breakdown in the dye log between major powers is of enormous concern. the world is on the brink of a new coraled on war. some are saying it's begun. we don't see the united states security council playing any role or taking concrete action. >> a million, maybe more people are expected to take part in celebrations here at the bran n brandenburg gate. the berlin wall used to run right in front of it, dividing a city, a country, a continents and in a larger sense, the world in a super power stand-off. the world didn't come down because of schedules at the top but because of tens of thousands of east germans taking to the streets. this former dissident was one of them. he now overseas the files kept by the secret police and says the fall of the wall has a message for the world. >> coming down. >> what can you learn?
>> i would say resistance is worth it, that speaking truth to power is worth it and that democracy is not a static construct but something that needs to be done every day. >> that's something young people should be reminded of you. >> a 15 kilometer line of lights follows the path of the wall and the death strip where soldiers shot to kill. the climax comes sunday night as they are released into the sky of a new capitol of the newly reunified germany, nick spicer, al jazeera, berlin. >> fears are growing of a return to all out fighting in eastern ukraine. areas around the city of donetsk are under heavy bombardment. some of the fiercest fighting since a fragile cease-fire was signed in september. ukrainian government and pro-russia separatists. they have recently been seen through east ukraine. territory held by pro-russian separatists. >> investigate in afghanistan are trying to find out how a taliban suicide bomber managed to walk in to police
headquarters and blow himself up. one police officer was killed and seven others injured in kabul. a police shooting has sparked rioting in an israeli arab village. it started 24 hours avisi police shot dead a man for the same village. armed police have made several arizona. an unofficial referendum on independence is underway in catalonia in northeast everyone spain. the symbolic polls in a stronger show of support for breaking away. cara lavanga has more >> reporter: a vote that picks the boxes of index. on sunday, thousands turned up to have their say on the future of the spanish region. the questions: do you want catalonia to become a state? and do you want the state to be independent? the vote is unofficial. but these catalans hope this is a rehearsal for an independence
referendum in the near future. >> i am 8 years old, and i have been fighting for index all my life. i won't see it, but i don't care. my grandkids will. >> more than the predictable outcome is the turnout that will be watched closely. >> since the early hours of the morning, catalons started gathering in more than a thousand polling stations like this one in barcelona. in most cases, the queues extended to all around the belong. >> half through the vote, more than a million people cast their ballots. many more are needed for madrid's government to take note. >> the number of people who have the right to vote in catalonia are around 5.4 million people. so, if the nationalalists succeed in getting two million people out to vote, that will mean that in any event, theents of any referendum, they would have a majority. >> but not everyone here flies
the flag of the catalons. >> there is no point to vote. if i wanted action i could have voted four times. >> this is just a smoke screen to hide corruption behind catalon politicians. the voting will close on sunday evening. the outcome will be made public on monday. given the high turnout, those supporting catalonias's independence feel they have already won. claudio lavanga, barcelona. >> violence in northern egypt following a police raid. local media say police were looking for weapons or drugs but the trade turned violent when they tried to arrest members of the outlawed muslim brotherhood. there are reports one person was killed and at least seven others injured. al jazeera continues to demand the immediate release of its journalists who have now been detained in egypt for 316 days.
they are falsely accused of helping the outlawed muslim brotherhood. they are appealing against their prison sentences. bahrain is hosting a conference to tackling terrorism. rep present civtives of over 30 countries are in the capitol. they will discuss how to stop armed groups like isil from racing money. a senior brighter at gulf news says the problem of funding armed groups is not going to go away. >> as long as there is a pool of res eventment in the sunni world, isil is not going to go anywhere around. it will not have that much difficulty raising money whether it is from individuals or organizations or institutions or tribal backings. as long as we don't address the core reasons as to why institutions like isil or organizations like isil come, i think we are going to face this dilemma. >> that's why the conference in lahrain is so important.
this conference will have the courage to dig deeper than what has been done so far. i am not sure whether this is the ideal venue to accomplish those tasks. >> furious protesters have attacked the national palace in mexico city. it's one of the latest shows of anger directed over the apparent killing of 43 student teachers. janl ferguson reports now on the growing public demands for answers. >> reporter: this is the national palace in mexico city under attack from an angry crowd on saturday. the recent disappearance of an apparent murder of 43 students sparked similar protests across the country free. the attorney general says they were killed and their bodies burnt by drug gangs. but these protesters accuse government officials of being involved. >> i am here to support my fellow students because the
whole population knows it was the government who really killed them. it wasn't a drug cartel or criminals. it was really the government. >> in guero state where the students studied, the parents of some of the victims gathered at their university. they say saturday's announcement that their children were killed provides no closes you're.
one year ago america tonight brought you the story that shocked the nation sex crimes on campus: >> i remember waking up and he was trying to have sex me... >> now we return has anything changed? >> his continued presence on the campus put the entire community at risk >> for the better... >> i was arrested for another false charge that she had made up... >> america tonight's special report sex crimes on campus: one year later on al jazeera america yemen's prime minister says his new government will hold together. >> that's despite major political faxes rejected in the administration. a day of commenrations and sellbrations in germany.
25 years after the berlin wall started to be torn down. the chancellor laid flowers to remember the thousands who died trying to cross the hated symbol of the cold war. an you know official referendum on index is underway in northern spain. polls show in the strongtest show yet of breaking away from spain. the u.s. envoy is hoping to create free zones to stop fighting in some areas. stefan says talks with syria's foreign minister were constructive. he hopes one of the zones will be inside the battered city of aleppo in northern syria. he has been making his third visit to the country since replacing brahimi in july. refugees who fled from fighting in syria to campton jordan say they are struggle to go survive after food vouch ers were stopped. the world food program program has withdrawn help to thousands of syrian families because it
says others have agreed to lead. >> a syrian widow living in jordan with her four children who has barely been able to make ends meet for the last two years, now, she says they have been hungry for almost a month. a few weeks ago, she got the message informing her that her family are not eligible for food assistance from the u.n.'s world food program. the reason: they have been identified as able to to make arrangements on their own. she has rice and vegetables in her refrigerator. she has been forced to borrow money from friends to buy this food and is two months late on paying the rent. >> we feel unwanted here after we lost the 2350d vouchers. this is a policy designed to force us back to refugee camps or to our country. we will die if not from hunger, since shellings. syrians have become unwant everywhere. >> they aren't allowed to work here but she has started picking and cleaning olives from home
and selling them to make some money. up to 12,000 families have recently been excluded from the food voucher program, a study conducted by the world food program concluded that these families have access to sufficient income or support networks. many have appealed to be reinstated. >> the majority of syrian refugees do not have the food they need so they relied on vouchers. many families are concerned that without that support, they may now have to resort to begging or sending their children out to work in order to put food on the table. >> the food vouchers are a life line for so many. most syrian families sell some of their vouchers to buy necessary non-food items or pay rent. the u.n. says it has had to prioritize the most vulnerable families based upon a field study which concluded that 15% of syrians don't need the vouchers but there may have been some errors. >> there are some people that are very clear when we run the data, we can see that's an
instant error. we can reinstate them completely. some we can be clear from the living conditions, the assets they have that they actually can survive on their own and they will stay excluded. >> there are so many who say they can't survive on their own or return to syria and who's conditions are only getting worse the longer they stay in exile. talks about iran's nuclear program are being held in i aman ahead for a deadline this month. u.s. secretary of state john kerry met his republicanian counter part and eu negotia negotiate contact written ashton. they are trying to overcome disagreements on uranian enrichment. and iran says the program is purely for peaceful purposes and not for nuclear weapons. >> leaders are arriving in china for the summit. apex 21 ms. members account for 51% of global output.
chinese president welcome his counterpart and signed a series of energy agreements. china and japan have agreed to work on improving strain in ties. barack obama has landed in b beijing for the summit. he says he is keen to improve relations with his asian allies. more from washington, d.c. >> barack obama heads off to asian with stops in china and myanmar, a chance to fulfill what has less than a long time promise of his presidency. >> by the united states back to asia, our desire to pivot and focus on the aidsian pacific region. >> we were able to pivot to the asia pacific region. >> the pivot was part of his re-election campaign. was it a reality? experts say except for rotating a few thousand troops into
australia, the military presence has not increased by. >> the numbers may have looked higher and the potential may have looked greater sta stage. since the budget cuts have gone through, they have been able to hold asia level while other areas have faced sirius cuts. it's not necessarily been as dramatic as one might have thought in the first place. >> if you look at trade, that's even worse. the u.s. trade deficit with asia when the president took office was 336 million. in 2013, it was 497 million. but as the president heads back to the region, he has a renewed chance to change that by pushing ahead with the trans pass certificate partnership, more possible now because his party lost control of the senate. it was democrats who were against giving the president more authority to negotiate a deal. as the president lands in china, it's expected he will make a renewed push for the trade agreement on the sidelines of apec. he will meet with china's president to talk climate change and then he will head to myanmar trying to safe what his administration has held up as
the chief foreign policy success, liberalization and internal reconciliation which has all but stalled. president obama is a man in search of a legacy hoping this trip helps build the foundation for that. patty col hawaiian, al jazeera, washington. >> the united states has just launched a $216 million program in afghanistan to support women in leadership and the economy. the new afghan president says he is committed to supporting it. more from kab. ul. >> when twith inform aisha started her clothing business, she wanted to employ women. but she couldn't find women to make her tailored clothes, but not in her store. >> we recruited females 6%. after awhile, we heard complaints that she was being harassed by mail shop keepers in that shopping mall. >> harassment problems, paying
higher prices and other forms of discrimination are just some of the challenges that women face in afghanistan. a new u.s. funded program aims to support women like manisha. the $216 million, five-year program hopes to reach 75,000 afghan women with a potential to be entrepreneurs or leaders. >> there are still hundreds of thousands of women across afghanistan ready to work, ready to help build urination's future. >> the afghan president says islamic history has examples of the importance of women in society. >> experience shows that if you invest in women, five generations change. if you invest in a boy, only one generation changes. >> the program's goals are to develop women's roles in leadership, government, the economy and women's rights. >> president ghani says he will work to improve the lives of afghan women.
one of his first promises as president, to name a woman to afghanistan's supreme court. >> reporter: one of the most visible signs that things could change for women in afghanistan is the public role the first lady is taking here. having just completed the first straighting years we can see signs of a new generation of women taking the first steps on the scene. >> mrs. ghani says she knows much more can be achieved. she offered a reminder for young afghan women. >> this is your world. shape it, or someone else will. >> back at her workshop, she says she knows things won't change quickly for women here the current male dominated culture has been around for hundreds of years. a month and a half ago, she had a baby girl. she hopes when her daughter grows up, she will have the 23r50e8d to choose what kind of life she wants to live. jennifer glasse, al jazeera,
kabul. >> supporters and friends of two kidnapped tun easeian journalists have held a really to demand their release. they were working in eastern libya when they were first taken in septa group belonging to the renegade general was holding them but released them four days later. the reporters were immediately recaptured by another unknown group. two american men are enjoying their first day of freedom back in the united states after being released from a north korean prison. kenneth bae and matthew todd miller were freed after the u.s. director of national intelligence flew to pyongyang. here is more. >> reporter: back home on american soil, kenneth bae steps off of a plane at a military base in washington state to be reunited with his family. he's joined soon after on the tarmac by matthew todd miller. the two men had been held in prison camps in north korea. miller was jailed for six years in april on espionage charges,
bae a christian missionary had been convicted for alleged anti-government activities. he had been trying to convert north koreans. he had been serving a 15-year term. >> thank you for your support and prayer and your love. >> has really been encouraging for me and for others who are in the same shoes there and elsewhere. thank you. god bless you. >> news of the men's release had been welcomed earlier by president obama. >> it's a wonderful day for them and their families and obviously, we are very grateful for their safe return and i appreciate doing a great job on what was obviously a challenging mission. >> director clapper is james clapper, the u.s.'s director of national intelligence. he was the in.
>> neither bae nor miller will be prosecuted for travel to go north korea. the obama administration is warning other americans it's not a good idea to visit. victoria gatenby, al jazeera. >> queen elizabeth ii has led britain's annual rememberance ceremony to honor the war dead. as tim friend reports, this has particular significance.
♪ >> reporter: some of the thousands who came to the place had queued since early morning. in the prime minister's words, these were poignant, the 100ingth anniversary of the start of world war i. 70 years since the d-day la landings in europe and the end of britain's role in afghanistan. it's a reminder that conflict has never been far away during the last century. after a two-minute silence, the queen laid a wreath followed by political leaders and veterans. out of sight but just a few meters away, there were armed police, another reminder of the
repercussions of international conflict. police said security would be appropriate and proportionate after four men were arrested on thursday in connection with what detectives called an alleged islamist terrorism plot on british soil. war has changed fundamentally in the last one 00 years, but the private grief it en jengers is unchanged. across europe because of the university, new generations have witnessed the horror of the great war and discovered victims among their ancestors. the exultation has been to be neither triumph fantilists or national analysts. not everyone agrees that's achieved. arguments about the nature of public rememberance were forgotten in moments of quiet contemplation. tim friend, al jazeera, central
lond london. a quick reminder you can keep up-to-date with all of the news on our website. there it is on your screen. all of the latest on newly formed government in yemen. aljazeera.com. >> that's aljazeera.com. >> people always say that nonsense, you can't speak ill. why not? >> brief en counters, conversations, magic moments and assorted hijinx is full of personal anecdotes. the host of the show has met and interviewed just about everyone who was someone. >> the phone rang. ali picked it up and heard, "darling?" and he said "this ain't darling. this is the only 3-time heavy weight champion in the world. and i am lying in your bed and ".